Conservation is an act of conserving as well as preserving, protecting or restoring the natural environment, ecosystems, vegetation and wildlife. As an individual, we can help in our own small way to minimize any harmful substances that pollute the environment.
Air and energy conservation
In order to help reduce air pollution, you can do several things:
• Use automobiles less and take public transportation or bike;
• Quit smoking;
• Turn lights off when not in use to save energy;
• Use energy saving light bulbs;
• Recycle all plastics;
• Use reusable grocery bags;
• Use an eco-friendly string trimmer to trim your garden.
You will help reduce global warming when using less energy from fossil fuels. On a larger scale, government will impose a penalty on industries for releasing chemicals that burden the atmosphere.
Surface and underground water are our primary sources of drinking water. We should help to conserve water by:
• Washing vegetables and fruits in a bowl instead of running water over them;
• Watering your garden early in the morning to minimize evaporation;
• Upgrading toilet with a low flow device;
• Shortening your shower by a minute or two;
• Collecting water from your roof for your garden, and;
• Shutting the faucet tightly to prevent water drips.
Soil or land conservation
Soil is our most precious resource for food production. With fertile soil, we can plant our vegetables and fruits for healthy consumption. We can prevent the soil from degrading through:
• Avoiding pesticides or insecticides on your lawn;
• Using eco-friendly bags to reduce landfills;
• Using recyclable materials to reduce the amount of trash;
• Planting trees because the tree roots help retain water and prevent soil erosion, and
• Using manure for fertilizer.
Small scale farming should be widely encouraged. This will help the soil to remain fertile as it requires less chemical additives. Iowa has numerous methods to conserve their soil. They use strategies such as crop rotation, conservation tillage, and contour farming, to just name a few.
According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, approximately 30 million people in the United States are exposed to hazardous noise. Thousands of employees suffer from preventable hearing-loss. Noise reduction is important; even a few decibels will help. Noise and its impact can be reduced through:
• Engineering controls by modifying or replacing noise producing equipment;
• Operating noise producing machinery when fewer people are subject to exposure;
• Hearing protection devices, and
• Implementing an effective hearing conservation program.
Flora and fauna conservation
Animals and plants are important to keep our environment in balance. Loss of habitat will devastate the biodiversity of the Earth and we will pay a hefty price. Protecting wildlife is not limited to the forest, but also to the water. We can do something to help the wildlife live in a healthy environment by:
• Protecting endangered and vulnerable species, such as wild birds, animals and plants from extinction;
• Preventing forest burning activities;
• Preventing deforestation by planting trees;
• Protecting animals from hunters and poachers, and
• Removing non-native species of invasive plants.